Make-a-List Monday: Black/Hispanic

This list is of people who are biracial and of African-American and Hispanic descent. On this entry I wrote about a missing young girl who was listed as Hispanic but “looked” black to me. Someone posted the following comment:

I just wanted mention that being Latino and looking Black are not separate cultural states. There are many Latinos who are of Afro-Caribbean heritage given that a great deal of Latin America takes place in the Caribbean and historically much of the African slave trade took folks to Latin American islands and nations on the Caribbean and near-Atlantic.

This list isn’t that long; I expect there are probably more people on Charley that meet the requirements, that I just don’t know about.

  1. Patrick Kennedy Alford Jr.
  2. Osvaldo Baro
  3. Terrance S. Bonilla
  4. Michael James Borges
  5. Devin Janelle Brown-Bousetta
  6. Kamyle Stephanie Burgos Ortiz
  7. Gebar Lynon Byrd Jr.
  8. Marco Antonio Cadenas
  9. Keyla Contreras
  10. Natasha Paula Corley
  11. Pinkie Mae Davis-Herron
  12. Nadia Lynn Drummond
  13. Acacia Nicole Duvall and Jon Pierre Duvall
  14. Sarah Raquel Elsafi and Tariq Ahmed Elsafi
  15. Youssef Nabil Elsayed Hassan
  16. Kristopher Bryan Lewis
  17. Gustavo Machado
  18. Natanalie Marie Perez
  19. Victor Leonard Richardson III
  20. Rolando Salas Jusino
  21. Abigail Smith and Isabell Lena Smith
  22. Irwin Yafeth Stewart
  23. Jocelyn Emilia Turcios
  24. Elyssa Marie Vasquez
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Make-a-List Monday: Special needs children

This list is of kids who were under 18 when they disappeared, who had serious medical conditions. I’m talking about the sort of thing that would have them frequently hospitalized and/or put in special education classes at school.

  1. Patrick Kennedy Alford Jr., 7 (ADHD and possibly emotional problems)
  2. Steven Eugene Anderson, 17 (moderately mentally disabled)
  3. Marble Ace Arvidson, 17 (behavioral problems, classified as a special needs child)
  4. Kevin Jay Ayotte, 3 (developmentally disabled, hearing-impaired and with limited speech skills)
  5. Nicholas Patrick Barclay, 13 (ADD)
  6. Allison Taylor Bayliss, 15 (Asperger’s Syndrome aka high-functioning autism)
  7. Emad Ali Ben-Mrad, 3 (hearing-impaired)
  8. Samuel Savage Becker Boehlke, 8 (Asperger’s Syndrome)
  9. Edward Dylan Bryant, 9 (ADHD)
  10. Fidelmar Liborio Cadenas, 10 months (unknown, but said to be “medically fragile”)
  11. Monica Cassandra Carrasco, 16 (anorexia and depression)
  12. Kevin Andrew McCarthy Collins, 10 (dyslexia)
  13. Cassie Kay Compton, 15 (possible bipolar disorder or depression)
  14. Jeremy Ray Coots, 4 (severely hearing-impaired)
  15. Carla Rebecca Corley, 14 (epilepsy)
  16. Chris Andrew Cunningham, 6 (seizures)
  17. Christopher Gage Daniel, 7 (unspecified, just says he’s classified as a special needs child)
  18. Mark Anthony Degner, 12 (developmentally delayed with bipolar disorder)
  19. Landon Lee Deriggi, 13 (severely hyperactive, visually impaired and learning-disabled)
  20. Adji Desir, 6 (severely mentally disabled and almost completely nonverbal)
  21. Christian Taylor Ferguson, 9 (severely physically and mentally disabled due to a prior stroke, needs life-sustaining medication)
  22. Andrea R. Gonzalez, 5 (severe emotional and behavorial problems)
  23. David Eduardo Gosnell, 3 (developmentally delayed)
  24. Ember Skye Graham, 6 months (epilepsy)
  25. Kenneth Warren Hager, 11 (mentally disabled and mute, severe epilepsy)
  26. Jyrine Kyese Harris, 2 (ostogensis imperfecta, aka brittle bones)
  27. Justin Phillip Harris, 13 (mentally disabled and cannot function without psychiatric medication)
  28. Bryan Andrew Hayes, 13 (developmentally delayed with bipolar disorder)
  29. James P. Higham III, 16 (mentally disabled with developmental and emotional issues)
  30. Mark Joseph Himebaugh, 11 (emotionally disturbed with behavioral problems and possible OCD)
  31. James Richard Howell, 9 (hyperactive)
  32. Elisabeth Ann Huster, 9 (hyperactive)
  33. John Christopher Inman, 17 (seizures)
  34. Danny Randall Jackson, 12 (ADHD)
  35. Tiahease Tiawanna Jackson, 10 (diabetes, high blood pressure, a kidney disorder and learning disabilities)
  36. Hevin Dakota James Lee Jenkins, 2 (autistic and nonverbal)
  37. Shanta Marie Johnson, 3 (exposed to cocaine in utero; classified as a special needs child)
  38. Lenoria Eleise Anne Jones, 3 (exposed to cocaine in utero, had ADHD)
  39. Barry James Kephart II, 11 (dyslexia)
  40. Adam Benjamin Lake, 17 (Crohn’s Disease)
  41. Patricia Ann LeBlanc, 15 (“unspecified condition that may endanger her welfare”)
  42. Marjorie Christina Luna, 8 (hearing-impaired)
  43. Louis Anthony MacKerley, 7 (hyperactive and learning-disabled)
  44. Dennis Lloyd Martin, 6 (learning-disabled and slightly developmentally delayed)
  45. Tiana Neshelle Martin, 10 (Graves Disease, a potentially fatal autoimmune disorder)
  46. Ashley Renee Martinez, 15 (bipolar disorder)
  47. Clayton Lynn McCarter, 15 (mentally disabled)
  48. Betty McCullough, 10 (deaf and mute, and said to be terminally ill though I’m not sure why)
  49. Alexandra Marie McIntire, 7 months (premature, developmentally delayed, lung problems)
  50. Brandy Lynn Myers, 13 (brain damage)
  51. Tristen Alan Myers, 4 (severe behavioral problems, possibly had ADD, was possibly mentally disabled)
  52. Amy Sue Pagnac, 13 (seizures and possibly bipolar disorder)
  53. William Fred Patient, 16 (ADHD, bipolar disorder and substance abuse issues)
  54. Larry Wayne Perry, 9 (moderately mentally disabled)
  55. Robert Thomas Pillsen-Rahier, 15 (behavioral and emotional problems)
  56. Bianca Noel Piper, 13 (ADHD and severe bipolar disorder)
  57. Angelo Gene Puglisi, 10 (epilepsy)
  58. Blake Wade Pursley, 14 (seizures, partial paralysis, and learning and behavioral problems)
  59. Eric Wayne Pyles, 12 (severe emotional and behavioral problems)
  60. Jaliek L. Rainwalker, 13 (severe emotional and behavioral problems including reactive attachment disorder, exposed to cocaine and alcohol in utero, can be violent)
  61. Natasha Marie Shanes, 6 (epilepsy, developmentally delayed)
  62. Jason Sims Jr., 15 (said to be autistic and nonverbal)
  63. Austin William Sparks, 15 (severe emotional problems)
  64. Roland Jack Spencer III, 3 (mentally disabled, hearing-impaired, can’t really walk, seizures)
  65. Aleacia Di’onne Stancil, 9 months (premature, born addicted to drugs)
  66. Brandi Jondell Summers, 5 (cystic fibrosis)
  67. Amber Jean Swartz-Garcia, 7 (hearing-impaired)
  68. Ricky Lane Thomas Jr., 13 (severe behavior problems, could be violent)
  69. Wilfredo Torres (learning disability)
  70. Daffany Sherika Tullos, 7 (epilepsy)
  71. Alissa Marie Turney, 17 (ADHD)
  72. David Clayton Warner, 12 (epilepsy)
  73. Brittany Renee Williams, 7 (AIDS)
  74. David Edward Williams, 13 (mentally disabled and has seizures)
  75. Fredrick James Workman, 15 (ADHD and ODD — that is, oppositional defiant disorder)
  76. Daniel Ted Yuen, 16 (depression and other emotional problems)

Let’s talk about it: Yuan Xia Wang

This week’s “let’s talk about it” case is Yuan Xia Wang, a young Chinese girl who disappeared from Lincolnia, Virginia on October 21, 1998. I was just getting interested in missing persons at that time and I remember seeing her NCMEC poster right after she disappeared and wondering about it. Like most of their posters, it said very little, and it was years before I learned the details of her disappearance.

Yuan was smuggled into the country by a Thai man, using someone else’s genuine Thai passport. According to this Washington Post article, the immigration and customs people caught them after someone at the airport realized she didn’t speak Thai, and her smuggler was arrested.

Usually, Chinese immigrants who get smuggled into the U.S. are sent “to restaurants or brothels where they are held in virtual servitude to pay off huge smuggling fees.” Yuan’s case was somewhat unusual in that her passage was paid for in advance.

She said she was twelve, but the authorities doubted it and so do I. I was five feet even at that age, about middling height for the girls in my class at school, and I think Chinese people tend to be smaller than Americans. Yuan was five feet six. They thought she could have been as old as fifteen. I don’t know what reason she would have had to lie; perhaps she felt she would be better treated if they thought she was younger.

Yuan was sent to a foster home. Her foster family welcomed her as best they could, but they didn’t speak Mandarin, and she was the only Mandarin-speaking student at her new school. If I were her I’d have been desperately lonely. She vanished without a trace six weeks later — significantly, perhaps, on a day she had a doctor’s appointment.

They’re not sure what happened to her. The most obvious suggestions are that she either ran away or got picked up (voluntarily or otherwise) by someone, like a relative or someone involved in the smuggling, in order to avoid deportation. (The U.S. authorities hadn’t decided what to do with her yet; she could have been either deported or allowed to stay.) I suppose it’s possible she could have been abducted for reasons having nothing to do with her immigration status, as well.

Other than a lead placing her in Kansas City in 2008, there hasn’t been any sign of her in almost twenty years.

Let’s talk about it.

Select It Sunday: Marble Arvidson

This was suggested by Liza E. way back in January: Marble Ace Arvidson, 17, missing from Brattleboro, Vermont on August 27, 2011.

Marble was classified as a special needs child, but I’m not exactly sure what his special needs were. He was in foster care, but it doesn’t seem to have been a “typical” foster home:  this article says, “Marble lived with a mentor — a legal guardian in his 20s — along with another teenager and that teen’s mentor.” He had some emotional problems and issues with aggression, but he was considered high-functioning and planned to attend college. One of the schools he was looking at was the University of Vermont, and I know you need to be a good student with above-average test scores to get in there.

His case is a strange one because he appears to have simply dropped off the face of the earth. There’s some suggestion that he might have drowned in Hurricane Irene, which was causing raging floods in the area at the time, and that would certainly explain things, but there’s no actual evidence to support this theory as far as I know.

My friend Sean Munger blogged about Marble’s case in 2013. There was an article about Marble published last month, mentioning that it’s now been five years since his disappearance.

Make-a-List Monday: Runaways twenty years’ gone

Kids run away all the time. Some of them stay gone for years. Very few of them, however, stay gone forever. This list is of Charley Project cases classified as runaways where the child has been missing for a minimum of twenty years.

I’m using my own classifications here, not the NCMEC’s, because their classifications are often wrong — they’ve got Mitchell Darlington listed as a runaway, for example, when he almost certainly drowned.

  1. Jorge Acosta, 12, missing since 1992
  2. Lurline Michelle Bergeron, 14, missing since 1991
  3. James Eric Bess, 14, and Chipley Charles Sanders, 13, missing since 1984
  4. Sandra Breed, 16, missing since 1964
  5. Niki Diane Britten, 15, missing since 1969
  6. Mary Jo Burnette, 16, missing since 1984
  7. Shawna Chavez, 14, missing since 1994
  8. Rose Lena Cole, 15 or 16, missing since 1972 or 1973
  9. Melinda Karen Creech, 13, missing since 1979
  10. Kenneth Allen Daily, 16, missing since 1985
  11. Brenda Sue Davidson, 13, missing since 1974
  12. Krystyn Rae Dunlap, 17, missing since 1994
  13. Martha Wes Dunn, 15, missing since 1990
  14. Duane Edward Fochtman, 15, missing since 1986
  15. Nerissa Franklin, 15, missing since 1989
  16. Helen Marie Green, 13, missing since 1971 or 1972
  17. Shaunda Renne Green, 13, missing since 1983
  18. Karen Marie Hughes, 12, missing since 1983
  19. John Christopher Inman, 17, missing since 1993
  20. Danny Lee Jones, 15, missing since 1974
  21. Christopher Matthew Kerze, 17, missing since 1990
  22. Christine Marie Kingsley, 17, missing since 1995
  23. Janet Ann Kramer, 13, missing since 1971
  24. Desiree Lynette Lopez, 17, missing since 1996
  25. Meredith Ann Medina, 16, missing since 1989
  26. Alishia Dachone Miller, 13, missing since 1989
  27. Jerome Eugene Morris, 14, missing since 1990
  28. Scott Michael Morris, 14, missing since 1978
  29. Jennifer Lynn Pandos, 15, missing since 1987
  30. Aaron Michael Pate, 17, missing since 1992
  31. Cynthia Lorraine Perry, 17, missing since 1985
  32. Jennifer Rae Perry, 13, missing since 1993
  33. Shaliegh Sharrie Phillips, 12, missing since 1988
  34. Taranika Michelle Raymond, 13, missing since 1995
  35. Jason Donald Reynolds, 17, missing since 1993
  36. Eva Marie Ridall, 15, missing since 1977
  37. Angela Arlene Robles, 16, missing since 1996
  38. Froelan Rosales Jr., 15, missing since 1989
  39. Carlota Maria Sanchez, 12, and Elsie Eldora Luscier, 13, missing since 1979
  40. Beverly Sharpman, 17, missing since 1947
  41. Aron Holmes Silverman, 17, missing since 1993
  42. Stevey Howard Sommerville, 14, missing since 1990
  43. Mary Ann Ruth Switalski, 16, missing since 1963
  44. Misty Dawn Thompson, 15, missing since 1993
  45. Deborah Lee Tomlinson, 16, missing since 1973
  46. Darci Renae Warde, 16, missing since 1990
  47. Renata Sharisse Myles Whitehead, 14, missing since 1996
  48. Heide Dawn Wilbur, 16, missing since 1991

Make-a-List Monday: People in institutional settings

People who disappeared from nursing homes, residential treatment facilities, group homes, etc.

I have mixed feelings about residential treatment for minors (I’m not talking about places that just provide housing for foster kids although I do include them on this list). I am especially the for-profit facilities wealthy people send their teens to.

On the one hand, residential homes for children can provide wrap-around 24-hour care for a child to address their behaviors and/or emotional problems, and also provide the family with a respite from the child’s behaviors.

Like, I know a guy whose 14-year-old son is in a psychiatric residential treatment facility, paid for by the state. He’s had behavioral issues since he was a toddler, probably in large part because his biological mom was addicted to drugs (the boy is adopted), and he’s been hospitalized many times. The kid has a lot of very serious emotional/psychiatric problems, some of which can’t be cured, only mitigated. He’s basically too dangerous to keep at home. He threatened his father with a shovel once, and another time tried to crash their car while the father was driving. The boy’s father is (rightly so) concerned that after his son turns 18 he’ll wind up in prison, or worse, for something or other that’s pretty much beyond his control. Obviously residential treatment is necessary in a case like that. He’s been in, I think, two residential facilities so far, and is doing well in his current one. (He did well in the last one too but the state stopped paying after a year and they sent him home before he or his family was ready for it.) Not only is this boy getting therapy and medication and a structured environment at his treatment facility, but the 24-hour observation at the facility (mostly) keeps him from hurting himself or anyone else.

But on the other hand, there’s so much potential for abuse in these facilities, and when they go bad they tend to go REALLY bad. A few children have died in those places, and many more are abused by the staff or other residents. I’m not saying that all of those places are like that, but an uncomfortable percentage of them are.

And with the for-profit homes for wealthy families, a lot of them just want your money (tuition starts at like $5,000 a month and up, and the children can stay there for years at a time) and it seems many of the residents did not need residential treatment in the first places. I’ve heard of cases where a kid was sent to one of those facilities simply because they didn’t get along with their new step-parent. I’ve looked at the websites for those places and some of them are like, “Your child might need residential treatment if he refuses to clean his room or do chores around the house” or “Your child might need treatment if he frequently argues with you and doesn’t get along with his siblings and doesn’t obey the house rules, such as curfew.” Um…I’m pretty sure those are all normal teen behavior. And some of the sites also say things like, “If your child is at our facility and writes home to say there are rats here and the food is spoiled, don’t listen to him. He’s lying.” Yet many times those places have been raided by the state after multiple accusations of abuse, or the death of a child in their care, and they DO find rats and spoiled food and other indications of maltreatment. See the Fornits website for more details, including many testimonies from the alumni of various facilities. I’ve read a LOT about those places — there are dozens — and honestly I can think of only one I haven’t heard ghastly things about.

Anyway. I’m rambling. On to the list:

  1. Steven Eugene Anderson
  2. Ella Michelle Andrews
  3. Frank Azpeitia
  4. Vonnie Lynn Bales
  5. Joseph Cleveland Batiste
  6. James Eric Bess
  7. Ricky Laverne Bethea
  8. Thomas Wilson Borum
  9. Damon Lee Boyd
  10. Fidelmar Liborio Cadenas
  11. Eugene R. Chaitowitcz
  12. Young Hwan Chang
  13. Apolino Contreras
  14. Jessie James Cooper
  15. William Charles Cordes
  16. Peggy Ann Cottrell
  17. Mary Alice Cox
  18. Madelyn Lee Diaz
  19. Maria Estrada-Torres
  20. Bob Parker Fasig
  21. Keiosha Marie Felix
  22. Forest Ferguson
  23. Daniel Fogg
  24. Barbara Frears
  25. Shawn Patrick Gallagher
  26. Ruvil Hale
  27. Daniel Kenneth Hall
  28. Justin Phillip Harris
  29. Bryan Andrew Hayes
  30. John Christopher Inman
  31. Kent Jacobs
  32. Kamau Jawara
  33. William Charles Jones
  34. Tracy Anne King
  35. Mark Leland Kirks
  36. Donald Kluge
  37. Robert Charles Livers Jr.
  38. Tommy Lee Lowery
  39. Robert Wayne McCullar
  40. Tyree McCune
  41. Beverly Lofton Meadows
  42. Anthony Daniel Medaris
  43. Johnny Lee Mills
  44. Steven James Needham
  45. Troy Kenneth Nelms
  46. William Fred Patient
  47. Cynthia Lorraine Perry
  48. Robert Thomas Pillsen-Rahier
  49. Blake Wade Pursley
  50. Eric Wayne Pyles
  51. Chen H. Ren
  52. Isaac Joseph Riley
  53. Richard K. Roberts
  54. Guillermo Rodriguez
  55. Chipley Charles Sanders
  56. Kenneth Arthur Schweighart
  57. Clayton Antonio Simmons
  58. Mouy Tien Tang
  59. Lowen Dean Thomas
  60. Ducong Trinh
  61. Marc Charles Welzant
  62. David Edward Williams
  63. Daniel Ted Yuen
  64. William Michael Zani Jr.

April MP news

Catching up on where I left off, here’s some of the latest missing persons news for this month so far:

A suspect has been charged with murder in the 1976 disappearance of Cynthia May Hernandez. This is almost a new record for the longest time between disappearance and charges and filed in a murder-without-a-body case. Sheila Lyon and Katherine Lyon‘s alleged killers were charged last summer, forty years after their 1975 disappearances. With Cynthia’s alleged killer it’s been only a few months short of forty years.

Colton Clark‘s aunt and uncle (and foster parents), Rex and Rebecca Clark, have been arrested for murder and child abuse in his case. As of yesterday evening, though, formal charges have not been filed against them. Authorities are digging on their property looking for Colton’s body.

They’re checking a well to see if Mark Wendell Wilson, who disappeared from Quincy, California all the way back in 1967, could be in it (or maybe have been in it at one time). The people doing the checking are not cops but students at Cal State Sacramento, and they’re checking the well for traces of Mark’s mitochondrial DNA. I think this is awesome. I highly doubt they’ll find anything but I still think it’s awesome. I was able to find the 2014 article referenced in the aforementioned link, and read it, but it doesn’t really tell anything about the disappearance that I didn’t already know.

They’ve found the body of Kelli Cox, a woman who disappeared in 1997 from Denton, Texas. She’s still on Charley right now but I plan to remove her case in today’s update. William Reece, a convicted kidnapper, lead authorities to Kelli’s remains and the remains of another person, probably Jessica Cain, who disappeared a month after Kelli did.