Flashback Friday: Fred Miller

This week’s Flashback Friday case is Fred Donald Miller, who disappeared from Hagerman, Idaho on August 17, 1968. He was driving at the time, having picked up two male hitchhikers who have been identified. Both Fred and the car were never seen again.

The police don’t believe Fred disappeared voluntarily. Whatever happened to him in 1968, though, he’s definitely dead now: he was born in 1902 and if he was still alive, he’d be 114 years old. I think at least some of his six children are still alive, however.

If Fred was the victim of foul play, whoever did it may also be deceased by now. It’s been almost 50 years, after all. This can, however, actually be a good thing for the investigation. If the killer or killers are dead, anyone else who has knowledge of what happened to Fred and has said nothing (out of fear, out of love, whatever) can come forward with it now, knowing there’s nothing to lose by doing so.

Erica Parsons’s body found

A Charley Project Irregular who is also a Facebook friend messaged me within fifteen minutes of the news breaking: they’ve found the body of Erica Parsons. As of this writing, very little information has been made public, but we know that Sandy Parsons, Erica’s sorry excuse for an adoptive father, lead the police to her remains. Erica’s parents never reported her missing; her older brother did, twenty months after the last time he saw her.

I’ve blogged about Erica’s case several times, the last time in 2014. You can read the details of her dreadful home life and “morally bankrupt” parents on her Charley Project casefile. She was tiny: at thirteen years old she was less than four and a half feet tall. There’s reason to believe her growth was stunted due to malnutrition.

Both Sandy Parsons and Casey Parsons, Erica’s mother, are in prison right now for fraud, because they collected benefits from the government for Erica after she was no longer in their care.

When the cops identify whoever is responsible for Erica’s disappearance and death — and I think we all have a pretty good idea who did this — I can only hope they get the book thrown at them.

Let’s talk about it: Robby Floyd, her sister, and her children

32-year-old Robby Ann Hughes Floyd, her 17-year-old sister Jennifer Jane Hughes, and her children, Sarena Natoya Glenn, age 11, and 4-year-old twins Brent Nicholas Hughes and Brenttany Nicole Hughes, all dropped of sight in Fayetteville, North Carolina in December 1996 — almost twenty years ago. Both twins had a heart condition that needed treatment. Because Robby didn’t keep in regular touch with her family, they all weren’t reported missing until August 1998, almost two years later.

This is one of the casefiles on Charley that was researched and written by my predecessor, Jennifer Marra, of Doe Network and MPCCN fame; I haven’t contributed much to it.

There is some question as to whether they’re actually missing or not. They had been on the NCMEC but they’re not anymore; they’re not currently listed on NamUs and I don’t think they ever were. Furthermore, there’s a 2004 article about them headlined “Missing family is not missing”, which says Robby used several alias names and was wanted for writing bad checks. The article also says Sarena called her father in 1998 and contacted another relative in 1999. The police concluded the family was simply hiding out, perhaps in Alabama.

However… the WRAL television station ran a piece on the family in 2011, seven years after the previous article I mentioned, that said they ARE missing:

“We’ve checked activity on their social security numbers and there’s no activity,” said Lt. Jimmy Black of the Cumberland County Sheriff’s Office. “No schools have called for their records. It’s as if they don’t exist anymore.”

That’s where the matter rests, as far as I can tell. I haven’t been able to find any more recent press coverage. But it boggles my mind how an entire family can disappear so completely, and how it wasn’t even noticed for quite some time.

So what happened? Let’s talk about it.

Back on my feet, I think

I haven’t been doing much of anything lately because this medication adjustment thing was making me so fracking tired it was unbelievable. I’d be up for eight hours and it would feel like eighteen. I was sleeping most of the time and when I was awake, I couldn’t summon up the energy to do anything productive. I couldn’t even read, for the most part. Over the weekend I actually called a hospital and asked some nurse about it, and she said there was a good chance this would go on for a month or even more.

I last saw my doctor on Monday the 19th. He said he could increase either Medication A or Medication B, and asked how long it had been since I’d had my blood levels checked for Medication A. I had no idea, and he said that legally, he couldn’t change the dosage until my blood levels got checked. My doctor wrote out a prescription for me to take to the hospital and get blood drawn, and told me I wasn’t supposed to actually do this for another week. In the meantime, Medication B was increased, since he didn’t need blood levels for that, and then the godawful fatigue began.

So yesterday, having waited the requisite seven days, I got my blood drawn at the hospital, went to the clinic and basically said the situation was intolerable and I did not want to spend the next several weeks sleeping. They said they couldn’t do anything until they got the lab results, but I really ought to continue taking the increased Medication B anyway, because, well, my doctor said so.

And then just a few hours later everything kind of flipped. Suddenly I was all full of energy and was running around doing things — manic again. Go figure. I went to bed at around 11:30, woke up at 6:30 and feel just fine. I sure hope it stays that way.

Hope to get some Charley Project work done today. I found a MUCH better picture of Carol Arcuri; the current photo is so terrible you can barely tell it’s even a person.

MP of the week: Hakan Karacay

This week’s featured missing person is Hakan Karacay, a Turkish immigrant who’d been living in the United States for eleven years when he disappeared from Clifton, New Jersey in 1999. The car he was driving, actually his brother’s, turned up on a remote road in the Adirondacks in New York five days later; the battery was dead and the tank was empty.

It’s a peculiar case. I wish I had more information about it.

An idea about APs

I first thought of this issue a few years ago, but I don’t think I’ve discussed it on this blog before. So I thought I’d bring it up and see what y’all think about it.

And a disclaimer: I’m doing my best to write things in a non-offensive way and to make sure my facts are correct, but I don’t know much about the Muslim world at all, so if I mess up, I’m sorry. If I’m wrong about something, feel free to call me out on it.

(Recently, on a chat app my phone, I spoke to a guy who grew up in Saudi Arabia and now lives in the UK. I had never spoken to a Saudi person in my life. I said, “I’ve heard X, Y and Z about Saudi Arabia, are those things true?” He confirmed they were and said I was, for an American, “surprisingly well-informed” about Saudi Arabia. Which is really depressing when you think about it because I don’t know much about the country at all. I can name three cities there: Mecca, Medina, and Jeddah. The first two I know about only because they’re famous in the history of Islam, the third I know about only because I read a novel set there. So it’s not that I am well-informed about Saudi Arabia or Muslim issues at all, it’s just that everyone else knows even less than I do. In a blind world, the one-eyed man is king. But moving right along…)

I have an idea about APs for a very specific subset of people: Muslim girls who were taken by a non-custodial parent and are believed to be now living in a Muslim-majority country where the girls and women generally wear some form of the hijab.

I don’t know much about the hijab, but I know there are different types of covering and in a few countries (like Saudi Arabia) women are legally required to wear them, and in other countries it’s just sort of the done thing, a cultural expectation to dress in this way. But I’m not trying to talk about whether a Muslim girl or woman should or should not wear the hijab. What I’m actually thinking is this:

In the countries I’m talking about, the girls and women will usually wear, at minimum, a scarf on their head, and in most cases the scarf covers most or all of their hair. They’ll wear this pretty much all the time they’re out in public. So why, when the NCMEC makes APs for these girls, do they not show that scarf?

Sarah Molouk Amiri, for example, is believed to be in Iran, where the hijab is required by law and just about every female wears some form of head covering even if it doesn’t completely conceal their hair. My Google image search for “Iranian women” turned up a lot of photos of women in various scarves; many of these women wore scarves that covered most or all of their hair, and also their neck up to the chin. Yet Sarah’s latest AP (done four years ago) shows her wearing no headscarf, and her entire neck and parts of her collarbone were also uncovered in the picture. I find it hard to believe that a woman living in Iran, even a super-modern cosmopolitan city girl, would ever dress that way in public. Wouldn’t it be more helpful to show an AP of Sarah dressed in the clothing worn by the females of the country where she’s supposed to be?

And that’s just one example. There are many family abduction cases where the girls are thought to be living in countries where some form of hijab is commonly worn in public. And the NCMEC, when it makes APs for them, NEVER shows them in Islamic clothing. One time, years ago, do an AP of a missing girl who was supposedly in Pakistan, and it did show her wearing a headscarf, which is what made me suddenly realize that this was an issue. They never made another one like it, and when they updated this particular girl’s AP a few years later, the scarf disappeared.

The obvious counter-argument to the “have them wear a scarf in the picture” is that it’s necessary for the APs to show the girls’ hair and neck etc., so we can better see what they look like. And also that if they added a scarf to the picture, people would be distracted by it and be focusing on the scarf rather than the girl/woman’s face.

But the thing is, if they’re living in a country where the hijab is required by law or where nearly all women wear some form of it, literally no one in public is going to see these girls’ hair and neck and collarbones and what have you. So it doesn’t help show what the girl looks like. As for distracting from the focus on the girl’s face, you could argue that, if, say, an Iranian person was looking at Sarah Amiri’s AP, that person might get distracted by the exposed hair and neck and collarbone.

Anyway… So what do you think of my idea? I’m especially interested in hearing from any Muslims in the audience.

Make-a-List Monday: Mary in its various forms

I thought I’d do a Make-a-List Monday for girls and women who have the first name Mary, or some variant of Mary. The various forms of Mary were the most popular female name in the Christian world for 400 years. Because the name was so common, a lot of girls named Mary went by a nickname, or by their middle name, by their first and middle names together.

In 1947 in the United States, “Linda” ousted “Mary” from its position as most popular name. But Mary had the last laugh. Last year, according to the Social Security administration, Mary ranked 124, with 2,604 newborn girls given that name; Linda ranked #671, with just 423 babies named that.

For this list I’m using Nameberry‘s list of Mary’s international variations and list of stylish variations (that is, nicknames), so if you don’t like my choices, blame Nameberry, not me.

If the MP’s name has a * next to it, it means the person is male. John Wayne’s real first name was Marion, and regarding the “Marian” thing, Nameberry says that in Polish, “Marian” is a form of the indubitably male name Marius.

And, of course, I include the usual caveat that I might have missed a few.


  1. Mary Jill Adams
  2. Mary Edna Badaracco
  3. Mary Ann Bagenstose
  4. Mary Lou Bivins
  5. Mary Lou Black
  6. Mary Lou Boston
  7. Mary Eleanor Wolf Brenion
  8. Mary Gertrude Brosley
  9. Mary Rachel Bryan
  10. Mary Jo Burnette
  11. Mary Patricia Burns
  12. Mary Anna Carmelo
  13. Mary Virginia Carpenter
  14. Mary Elizabeth Carter
  15. Mary Margaret Cook
  16. Mary Alice Cox
  17. Mary Louise Day
  18. Mary Elizabeth Dietz
  19. Mary Alice Dixon
  20. Mary Darlene Evans
  21. Mary Carol Hill Fredrick
  22. Mary Geneva Friend
  23. Mary Angela Gallegos
  24. Mary Kathryn Greene
  25. Mary Frances Gregory
  26. Mary Everette Harrison
  27. Mary Louise Hawkins
  28. Mary Alice Helm
  29. Mary Inez Hoy
  30. Mary Frances Hunter
  31. Mary Elizabeth Jarrett
  32. Mary Ann Johnson
  33. Mary Sue Kitts
  34. Mary Ann Knightly
  35. Mary T. Kushto
  36. Mary Denise Lands
  37. Mary Georgine Lang
  38. Mary Jacqueline Levitz
  39. Mary Shotwell Little
  40. Mary Jo Lee Long
  41. Mary Elizabeth Loper
  42. Mary Elizabeth Lozano
  43. Mary Ellen Marcum
  44. Mary Louise McCullar
  45. Mary McFadyen
  46. Mary Jean McLaughlin
  47. Mary Kay McMillan
  48. Mary Katherine Miller
  49. Mary Agnes Moroney
  50. Mary Oliva
  51. Mary Opitz
  52. Mary Ann Perez
  53. Mary Francis Pike
  54. Mary Elizabeth Plavnick
  55. Mary Kay Radford
  56. Mary Colette Rawlinson
  57. Mary Elizabeth Rico
  58. Mary Rhodes Robertson
  59. Mary Joetta Roderick
  60. Mary Leah Rodermund
  61. Mary Selmeczki
  62. Mary Lou Sena
  63. Mary Jimmie Shinn
  64. Mary Michelle Sprague
  65. Mary Elizabeth Stuart
  66. Mary Ann Ruth Switalski
  67. Mary Jean Sylvestre
  68. Mary Ann Tautkus
  69. Mary Kathleen Thill
  70. Mary Jo Thompson
  71. Mary Rachel Trlica
  72. Mary Ann Verdecchia
  73. Mary Louise Walker
  74. Mary Louise Watkins
  75. Mary Anne Wesolowski
  76. Mary Ann White
  77. Mary Elizabeth Wilcox
  78. Mary Alice Williams
  79. Mary T. Zedalis


  1. Maria Aguilar
  2. Maria Florence Anjiras
  3. Maria Luisa Berania
  4. Maria Senorina Bolanos-Rivera
  5. Maria Isabel Pacheco Buendia
  6. Maria Del Carmen-Perez
  7. Maria Isabel Emeterio
  8. Maria Pomona Cruz Estrada
  9. Maria Estrada-Torres
  10. Maria Isaia Flores Rubio
  11. Maria Gomez
  12. Maria Quizhpe Guaman
  13. Maria Socorro Kimbrell
  14. Maria De Jesus Martinez
  15. Maria De Los Angeles Martinez
  16. Maria Antonia Mauricio
  17. Maria Medel
  18. Maria Gabriela Medina
  19. Maria Mendoza
  20. Maria Mendoza (II)
  21. Maria Nina Miller
  22. Maria Ann Monrean
  23. Maria Guadalupe Montano
  24. Maria Oliveras Negron
  25. Maria Magdalena Carralejo Ojeda
  26. Maria Rosario Olea
  27. Maria Dolores Rosales Pacheco
  28. Maria De Lourdes Pahl
  29. Maria C. Procopio
  30. Maria I. Reyes
  31. Maria Theresa Ruthling
  32. Maria Ines Salazar
  33. Maria Sanchez
  34. Maria Theresa Santos
  35. Maria G. Serrano
  36. Maria De Jesus Valdovinos


  1. Marie Ann Blee
  2. Marie Theresa Cherry
  3. Marie Chantal Delly
  4. Marie D. Jost
  5. Marie Lopez
  6. Marie Musial
  7. Marie Lucie Sagasta
  8. Marie Elizabeth Spannhake
  9. Marie Simonia Wade
  10. Marie Ann Watson
  11. Marie Antionette White


  1. Miriam A. Cavallo
  2. Miriam Ruth Hemphill


  1. Marian Elizabeth Brown
  2. Marian Joan Hurley
  3. Marian Madys*


  1. Marion Fye
  2. Marion Gonangnan
  3. Marion Bobby Gresham Sr.*
  4. Marion McCleneghan-Sodo
  5. Marion Arthur Osuna*
  6. Marion George Perry*
  7. Marion Grant Watts*
  8. Marion Marquez Williams*


  1. Marianne Bowers
  2. Maryanne Jane Ruffini
  3. Marianne Waters


  1. Maureen Russell Baca
  2. Maureen Erin Fields
  3. Maureen Webb


  1. Mara Gorelik


  1. Mariel Encarnacion
  2. Mariela Roblero Bravo


  1. Mari Ann Fowler


  1. Molly Laura Dattilo
  2. Molly Anne Franquemont
  3. Molly Miller


  1. Polly Kay Miclean


  1. Mamie Brown


  1. Minnie Evette Taylor

ET 29 years ago today

I had my latest Executed Today entry run today: Gennady Modestovich Mikhasevich, an astonishingly prolific serial killer from the Belarusian SSR who murdered somewhere between 36 and 55+ people in fourteen years.

There were two huge problems that prevented the cops from capturing him sooner. The first problem is that, as with the Andrei Chikatilo case, the investigators believed serial murder was the product of decadent capitalism and could not possibly exist in a socialist paradise like the Soviet Union. The second problem is that Gennady Mikhasevich was a member of the Soviet equivalent of the Neighborhood Watch and was therefore much better informed about the movements and activities of the police than the average person.

This is a really interesting story. HBO made an awesome movie about Chikatilo, called Citizen X, which you can stream for free if you have Amazon Prime. I think the Mikhasevich story would also be movie-worthy. As far as I can tell there are no English-language books at all about this man, although there is probably something in Russian.

Regarding that podcast

I had mentioned that a guy who does podcasts about missing people was going to interview me this past Friday. Well, we did talk for an hour and he seemed absolutely fascinated by me and asked all sorts of questions and I wound up telling him all sorts of stuff about the inner workings on the Charley Project. And then I sent him some emails with more stuff, some links to some of the cases I’d mentioned him, info about the social media, etc.

The talk I had with him was actually a “pre-interview”, though. I’ve done those before. Basically it’s a rehearsal for the actual interview: the interviewer and interviewee talk and together they basically figure out a general plan for how the interview will go and what questions will be asked and so on.

Pre-interviews can be very important, especially if the actual interview is live. I was once interviewed on Skype by a TV station in Colombia. The interviewer spoke English, but her accent was so pronounced that several times I had to say “I didn’t understand that, can you repeat it? And maybe say it more slowly?” This was in the pre-interview, thank goodness, because in a live interview that would have been a big mess. But I learned what she was saying and during the actual interview there were no misunderstandings of that kind.

So my actual Charley Project interview on this person’s podcast won’t be done for another few weeks — I sent him a lot of material to look over and he wants to do it right, and this isn’t going to be like a two-minute sound bite type thing. But here’s his podcast on iTunes. They’re all free. He just put out four new episodes. He did mention that all the shows together total 6 1/2 hours in length, so listen at your own risk.

A little help here, again?

[EDIT: Several wonderful angels came through. Thank you so much!]

Twice now I’ve asked you guys for help about this: when I go to the Minnesota state missing persons page and try clicking on any of their PDF posters, I get an error message. I’ve tried my PC, Michael’s PC, my Kindle Fire and my iPhone and get the same stupid error message each time.

Y’all came through and sent me PDFs I can read of the posters, but there are some new ones now. So can you come through again? Pretty please with a cherry on top?

Specifically, I need the ones on the following list. (And yes, I know that many of those on this list are already on Charley; it’s just that I haven’t seen the Minnesota state posters for them, and I want to make sure I don’t miss anything.)

  • Noel Dalluge
  • Theodore Dengerud
  • Kevin Ellsworth
  • Donna Ingersoll
  • John Jacobson
  • Sandra Jacobson
  • Kyle David Jansen
  • Christopher Kerze
  • Daniel Klein
  • David Klein
  • Kenneth Klein
  • Kenneth Scott Kleppen
  • Janet Kramer
  • Hang Lee
  • Daniel Patrick Maleska
  • Victoria Owczynsky
  • Barbara Paciotti
  • April Pease
  • Eric Peterson
  • Sharice Pollard
  • James Tennison
  • William Underhill